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Using nanoscale zero-valent iron for the remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contaminated soil.
|Title||Using nanoscale zero-valent iron for the remediation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contaminated soil.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Chang M-C, Shu H-Y, Hsieh W-P, Wang M-C|
|Journal||Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association (1995)|
|Date Published||2005 Aug|
|Keywords||Costs and Cost Analysis, Feasibility Studies, Iron, Kinetics, Microscopy, Electron, Scanning, Nanostructures, Oxidation-Reduction, Particle Size, Pyrenes, Soil Pollutants, Time Factors, Waste Management|
The sites contaminated with recalcitrant organic compounds, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with multiple benzene rings, are colossal and ubiquitous environmental problems. They are relatively nonbiodegradable and mutagenic, and 16 of them are listed in the U.S. Environment Protection Agency priority pollutants. Thus, the efficient and emerging remediation technologies for removal of PAHs in contaminated sites have to be uncovered urgently. In this decade, the zero-valent iron (ZVI) particles have been used successfully in the laboratory, pilot, and field, such as degradation of chlorinated hydrocarbons and remediation of the other pollutants. Nevertheless, as far as we know, little research has investigated for soil remediation; this study used nanoscale ZVI particles to remove pyrene in the soil. The experimental variables were determined, including reaction time, iron particle size, and dosage. From the results, both the micro- and nanoscales of ZVI were capable of removing the target compound in soil, but the higher removal efficiencies were by nanoscale ZVI because of the massive specific surface area. The optimal operating conditions to attain the best removal efficiency of pyrene were obtained while adding nanoscale ZVI 0.1 g/g soil within 60 min and 150 rpm of mixing. Thus, nanoscale ZVI has proved to be a promising remedy for PAH-contaminated soil in this study, as well as an optimistically predictable application for additional pilot and field studies.
|Alternate Journal||J Air Waste Manag Assoc|